General and Preventative Dentistry

General and Preventative Dentistry

Exam and Clean Appointment

Kings Meadows Dental Practice recommends that you should come in for a check-up, scale and clean every 6 months.

The benefits of regular check-ups, scales and cleans allows us:

  • to check the progress of your teeth
  • ensure no decay is forming or present
  • bring your gums back up to health
  • early detection of various dental problems
  • remove built up plaque and calculus (hardened plaque also known as tartar)

Dental X-Rays

Sometimes it is deemed necessary to have dental x-rays taken when you visit us.

X-ray pictures can show cavities, hidden dental structures (such as wisdom teeth), and bone loss that cannot be seen during a visual examination.

Without X-rays, dentists may miss the early stages of decay between teeth.

Dental X-rays are done to:

  • Find problems in the mouth such as tooth decay, damage to the bones supporting the teeth, and dental injuries (such as tooth roots). Dental X-rays are often done to find these problems early, before any symptoms are present.
  • Find teeth that are not in the right place or do not break through the gum properly.
  • Find cysts, solid growths (tumours), or abscesses.
  • Check for the location of permanent teeth growing in the jaw in children who still have their primary (or baby) teeth.
  • Plan treatment for large or extensive cavities, root canal surgery, and difficult tooth removals.

Cavities and Tooth Decay

If cavities aren't treated, they get larger and affect deeper layers of your teeth. They can lead to severe toothache, infection and tooth loss. Regular dental visits, and good brushing and flossing habits go a long way toward preventing cavities and tooth decay.

Gum Disease

Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth.

All gum disease is caused by plaque.

There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.


Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. This is when the gums around the teeth become very red and swollen. Often the swollen gums bleed when they are brushed during cleaning.


Long-standing gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease. As the disease gets worse the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw is lost, making the teeth loose. If this is not treated, the teeth may eventually fall out.

How to treat Gum Disease:

Your dentist will usually give your teeth a thorough clean. You'll also be shown how to remove plaque successfully yourself, cleaning all surfaces of your teeth thoroughly and effectively. This may take a number of sessions with the dentist.

Once your teeth are clean, your dentist may decide to carry out further cleaning of the roots of the teeth to make sure that the last pockets of bacteria are removed.

You'll probably need the treatment area to be numbed before anything is done.

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